Research
Research in the Working Groups

Research Areas of the Institute of Quantum Optics

The Institute of Quantum Optics focuses on applied and fundamental research in laser physics and the interaction of light and matter. The systems under investigation range from individual cold atoms and molecules all the way to living biological organisms, such as the eye. The research takes place within eleven distinct research areas focussing on individual aspects of the interaction of light and matter.

BIOPHOTONICS

Our research focus is the interaction of light and biological tissue, for example, of light and cells. Based on a fundamental understanding of the basic interactions, we develop new techniques, which can be applied in microscopy, stimulation of cells or tissue, or manipulation in tissue.

GUIDED MATTER WAVE INTERFEROMETRY

We study fully guided matter wave interferometers with respect to their applicability to perform inertial measurements in dynamic environments, as required for systems for inertial navigation, as well as a testbed for fundamental physics.

LASER COMPONENTS AND FIBERS

Research activities in the Department of Laser Components are dedicated to complex optical coating systems of highest precision and quality for laser applications and modern optics. The group is also working in field of laser active fibers and maintains a complete chain for the production of specialty fibers for new concepts in laser development and materials research.

MOLECULAR QUANTUM GASES

Our research focuses on the preparation and study of molecular gases at record-low temperatures of a few hundred Nanokelvin above absolute zero. It is at such low temperatures that quantum mechanics and quantum statistics determines the collective behaviour of the molecular samples.

NANOENGINEERING

The group scientific interests span through the following disciplines: laser physics and laser applications, laser nanotechnologies, nanophotonics, biomedical implants and devices, microfluidics, additive manufacturing, and biofabrication, tissue engineering, and laser printing The group is involved in the Excellence Clusters: PhoenixD, QuantumFrontiers, and Rebirth. It has strong cooperation with Medical High School and Industry.   

QUANTUM ATOM OPTICS

Ultracold atoms in a Bose-Einstein condensate occupy the same quantum state and
are thus equivalent to light in a laser beam. The group "Quantum Atom Optics"
applies the tools of quantum optics to such matter waves - for the creation of
entanglement, fundamental quantum experiments, and novel interferometry concepts.

QUANTUM LOGIC SPECTROSCOPY


By combining spectroscopic techniques with quantum logic methods developed for quantum computation with trapped ions, absolute frequency metrology and coherent control of many-level atoms and molecules is performed. This approach will allow us to improve current limits on fundamental constants and their temporal variation.

QUANTUM SENSING

The interaction between light and atoms can be used to investigate and manipulate atomic vapors. This allows for deep insights into the quantum mechanics of these systems and enables the construction of sensors at the quantum limit.

TRAPPED-ION QUANTUM ENGINEERING

Trapped ions are exceptionally well controllable quantum systems. Manipulating them at the level of single quanta using microwaves and lasers enables for the simulation of quantum many body systems and high precision tests of fundamental symmetries of the Standard Model.

ULTRAFAST LASER OPTICS

Short pulses of laser light enable a fascinating range of experiments including time resolved experiments on the femtoscond scale and the production of laser light in the x-ray spectrum